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Employment Tribunal annual statistics

Napthens - September 9th 2010

Annual statistics for the Employment Tribunal and Employment Appeal Tribunal for 2009 to 2010 have been published this month.

Key findings of the 2009 to 2010 statistics are as follows:

  • The number of accepted claims was 236,100 in 2009 to 2010, representing an increase of 56% on 2008 to 2009, and 25% on 2007 to 2008.
  • The increase in accepted claims is largely a result of the rise in multiple claims, these rose by nearly 90% on 2008 to 2009, but also partly as a result of the change in economic climate.
  • There were 71,300 single accepted claims in 2009 to 2010 which was an increase of 14% over the previous year.
  • In 2009 to 2010, the Employment Tribunal disposed of 112,400 claims, an increase of 22% on the number in 2008 to 2009. Almost three thirds of cases disposed of in 2009 to 2010 were single cases.
  • When the jurisdictional mixture of claims was considered, there were 392,800 jurisdiction claims, over 47% on 2008 to 2009.
  • Of the 392,800 jurisdictional claims received in 2009 to 2010, just under a quarter 95,200 were working time directives (largely multiple airline industry cases that are re-submitted every three months) and 75,500 were unauthorised deductions.
  • There were 126,300 jurisdictional claims associated with unfair dismissal, breach of contract and redundancy, which is 17% higher than for 2008 to 2009 and 62% higher than in 2007 to 2008, and likely to be a result of the economic recession.
  • The Employment Appeal Tribunal received 1,936 appeals and disposed of 1,848 compared to 1,794 and 1,933 respectively in 2008 to 2009.
  • In the Employment Appeal Tribunal, 403 appeals were disposed of at full hearing compared to 418 in 2008 to 2009.

The statistics reveal an overall increase in accepted claims in particular in the areas of equal pay, discrimination, unfair dismissal, breach of contract and redundancy claims. Claims relating to the working time directive and unauthorised deductions have also increased.

Increased equal pay claims have been made by low paid women in the NHS and local Councils. The scale of the claims is such that town halls alone believe the cost will be £5 billion this year and £700 billion a year in future.

The highest pay out was £250,470 in an unfair dismissal case. Average compensation figures were £15,059 for disability case, £14,049 for race claims and £10,052 for sex discrimination.

This demonstrates a clear increase in the amount of Tribunal cases and emphasises the need for proper procedures to be followed.